Diet for pancreatitis: what not to eat and what you can do

The pancreas is an organ of the gastrointestinal tract that participates in the secretion of endocrine (insulin) and exocrine (enzymes). Violation of the regime and quality of nutrition causes irreversible damage to the functions of the pancreas, which significantly affects the quality of its work. So you need to know what not to eat with pancreatitis to avoid organ inflammation.

What is pancreatitis and how dangerous it is

Chronic pancreatitis with impaired enzyme function of the gland is a chronic, progressive, slow disease manifested by abdominal pain, indigestion, and nutrient absorption.

Causes of the disease:

  • Eating Disorders;
  • Eat fatty foods as well as foods that should not be eaten with pancreatitis;
  • Alcohol abuse;
  • Eat lots of sugar and flour products.

And also other diseases of the gastrointestinal tract - peptic ulcer, gastritis, gastroduodenitis, cholecystitis, cholelithiasis.

Constant violation of the diet, as well as the use of heavy stomach food, leads to a violation of enzyme secretion in the pancreas. Inflammation occurs in the glandular tissue, followed by hardening of the ducts. Over time, the body cannot produce enough enzymes to digest food. All this affects the quality of digestion - undigested fibers appear in the feces, bloating develops in the intestines with fermentation processes, the absorption of necessary substances and vitamins is disturbed.

Signs of worsening chronic pancreatitis

Symptoms of chronic pancreatitis:

  • Shingles on the abdomen;
  • Nausea and vomiting;
  • Weight loss;
  • Stool disorder in the form of diarrhea or constipation.

In addition, pancreatitis can have such manifestations - general weakness, hiccups, bloating, dry skin, symptoms of vitamin deficiency.

Diet for pancreatitis during exacerbation

nutritional rules for pancreatitis

The main task of the diet in pancreatitis is to develop a gentle diet and choose a diet that would reduce the load on the pancreas. Foods that increase stomach acidity and stimulate the secretion of enzymes in the pancreas are excluded from the diet, so every patient must know what to eat in chronic pancreatitis.

In the period of worsening of chronic pancreatitis, complete starvation is prescribed for 2-3 days, until the symptoms subside. During this period, you cannot eat food, not even diet food. The patient is allowed to drink if there are symptoms of thirst. The treatment is complemented by bed rest and complete rest. Cold on the stomach.

A few days after the symptoms of exacerbation of chronic pancreatitis have subsided, food is given according to a specially developed diet. In medical practice, this is table number 5.

Food should be a little warm. Avoid hot and cold food temperatures.

Product Cancellation

What should not be taken in the diet against pancreatitis:

  • It is categorically contraindicated to eat fatty meat - pork, chicken skin;
  • Strong soups (fish and meat) are excluded from the diet because they have a sokogonni (fermentative) effect and will cause stomach pain;
  • Legumes and cabbage are not allowed - they are not only rich in coarse fiber, but will cause increased gas production;
  • Any carbonated beverages;
  • Smoked, fried or grilled dishes;
  • Coffee, strong tea, chocolate and cocoa products should be kept to a minimum;
  • Exclude any alcohol and fresh bread;
  • Pancreatitis ice cream should be limited;
  • Exclude any spices - garlic, garlic, paprika;
  • Eggs hard boiled;
  • Mushrooms in any form;
  • Fatty varieties of fish are excluded - saury, mackerel, eel, sabrefish, ivasi, Caspian sprat, silver carp, nototenia, sturgeon.

What should not be eaten with pancreatitis are sweets, pies and sweet teas, because the high sugar content in the intestines causes fermentation and bloating.

In addition, with exacerbation of pancreatitis, additional drug treatment is prescribed, which may include the following groups of drugs: proton pump inhibitors (reduce gastric secretion), enzyme drugs, adsorbents, antispasmodics, painkillers.

Menu for worsening pancreatitis pancreatitis

Diet Development

The menu includes the following food products whose use provides the body with the necessary nutrients, but at the same time has no irritating effect on the pancreas. Food is steamed or cooked and must not contain raw vegetables or fruits.

allowed and forbidden foods for pancreatitis

Soups should be in water or in meat (fish) soup with lean meat. Best of all slimy or rubbed. In no case should it be fried in soups. The porridge must be boiled in water or milk diluted half with water.

Meat and fish should be included in the menu. But not fatty varieties. The most dietary fish is cod, which has 1. 4% fat. The gastrointestinal tract digests such fish quickly and is easily digested. It does not strongly stimulate the enzymatic function of the pancreas, so it is considered optimal for pancreatitis.

For meat, preference is given to rabbit, turkey, beef cutting or chicken breast. Steamed meat products, baked with vegetables or cooked. You can cook meatballs or half vegetable cutlets.

The menu includes the following foods:

  • steamed vegetables, cooked or stewed;
  • "yesterday's" bread;
  • baked fruit (apples);
  • non-fat foods with lactic acid;
  • drinks - compote, jelly, weak tea;
  • lean meat - chicken breast, turkey, beef and veal, rabbit;
  • low-fat sea fish - pole, sutomol, hake, flounder, cockroach, cod;
  • Fatty river fish - bream, perch, pike, pike, carp, tench.

The last meal should be no later than 2-3 hours before bedtime. Biscuits and compotes or jellies are preferred for bedtime snacks.

Menu Design

Sample menu for one day with chronic pancreatitis. Products that cannot be eaten with pancreatic diseases are excluded and the most gentle diet for the body is chosen.

  • Breakfast:steamed omelette, porridge cooked in milk (buckwheat, rice or other), half-and-half with water and weak tea. Option: semolina porridge without oil, dried fruit compote with biscuit biscuits;
  • Second breakfast (lunch):low-fat cottage cheese about 100 gr, jelly or compote. Option: baking tray made of baked apple or cottage cheese;
  • Lunch:vegetarian soup, boiled chicken breast and dried fruit compote. Option: soup without frying, steamed loaf, rosehip soup;
  • Snack:Baked apples or crackers with a decoction of pomegranate. Option: a glass of low-fat kefir;
  • Dinner:vegetable puree (potatoes, zucchini, carrots), steamed cutlets, herbal tea. Option: milk porridge, boiled chicken breast, jelly;
  • Evening snack:glass of low-fat kefir or fermented baked milk or fruit jelly. Option: decoction bar.

When asked if ice cream can be used for pancreatitis - the answer can be given - they limit the use of fatty and very sweet ice cream. You can include only ice cream in your diet, no more than ½ packaging and without any additives (chocolate, nuts, condensed milk).

Patient letter

how to eat properly with pancreatitis

Every patient should know the rules of diet and what not to eat with pancreatitis.

Consider recommendations:

  • Meals should be broken down, that is, into small meals up to 5-6 times a day;
  • The child is adhered to for at least half a year, although ultimately the patient must adhere to such a child throughout his life;
  • Food should be high in calories, as needed;
  • Don’t eat foods from the list above that you shouldn’t eat in case of pancreatic disease;
  • Overeating is not allowed;
  • Is it possible with pancreatitis ice cream - limited use of low-fat ice cream.

In addition, timely treatment of any diseases of the gastrointestinal tract is needed to prevent complications and reduce the number of exacerbations of the disease.

21.09.2020