The pancreas is an organ of the gastrointestinal tract that participates in the secretion of endocrine (insulin) and exocrine (enzymes). Violation of the regime and quality of nutrition causes irreversible damage to the functions of the pancreas, which significantly affects the quality of its work. So you need to know what not to eat with pancreatitis to avoid organ inflammation.
Chronic pancreatitis with impaired enzyme function of the gland is a chronic, progressive, slow disease manifested by abdominal pain, indigestion, and nutrient absorption.
Causes of the disease:
And also other diseases of the gastrointestinal tract - peptic ulcer, gastritis, gastroduodenitis, cholecystitis, cholelithiasis.
Constant violation of the diet, as well as the use of heavy stomach food, leads to a violation of enzyme secretion in the pancreas. Inflammation occurs in the glandular tissue, followed by hardening of the ducts. Over time, the body cannot produce enough enzymes to digest food. All this affects the quality of digestion - undigested fibers appear in the feces, bloating develops in the intestines with fermentation processes, the absorption of necessary substances and vitamins is disturbed.
Symptoms of chronic pancreatitis:
In addition, pancreatitis can have such manifestations - general weakness, hiccups, bloating, dry skin, symptoms of vitamin deficiency.
The main task of the diet in pancreatitis is to develop a gentle diet and choose a diet that would reduce the load on the pancreas. Foods that increase stomach acidity and stimulate the secretion of enzymes in the pancreas are excluded from the diet, so every patient must know what to eat in chronic pancreatitis.
In the period of worsening of chronic pancreatitis, complete starvation is prescribed for 2-3 days, until the symptoms subside. During this period, you cannot eat food, not even diet food. The patient is allowed to drink if there are symptoms of thirst. The treatment is complemented by bed rest and complete rest. Cold on the stomach.
A few days after the symptoms of exacerbation of chronic pancreatitis have subsided, food is given according to a specially developed diet. In medical practice, this is table number 5.
Food should be a little warm. Avoid hot and cold food temperatures.
What should not be taken in the diet against pancreatitis:
What should not be eaten with pancreatitis are sweets, pies and sweet teas, because the high sugar content in the intestines causes fermentation and bloating.
In addition, with exacerbation of pancreatitis, additional drug treatment is prescribed, which may include the following groups of drugs: proton pump inhibitors (reduce gastric secretion), enzyme drugs, adsorbents, antispasmodics, painkillers.
The menu includes the following food products whose use provides the body with the necessary nutrients, but at the same time has no irritating effect on the pancreas. Food is steamed or cooked and must not contain raw vegetables or fruits.
Soups should be in water or in meat (fish) soup with lean meat. Best of all slimy or rubbed. In no case should it be fried in soups. The porridge must be boiled in water or milk diluted half with water.
Meat and fish should be included in the menu. But not fatty varieties. The most dietary fish is cod, which has 1. 4% fat. The gastrointestinal tract digests such fish quickly and is easily digested. It does not strongly stimulate the enzymatic function of the pancreas, so it is considered optimal for pancreatitis.
For meat, preference is given to rabbit, turkey, beef cutting or chicken breast. Steamed meat products, baked with vegetables or cooked. You can cook meatballs or half vegetable cutlets.
The menu includes the following foods:
The last meal should be no later than 2-3 hours before bedtime. Biscuits and compotes or jellies are preferred for bedtime snacks.
Sample menu for one day with chronic pancreatitis. Products that cannot be eaten with pancreatic diseases are excluded and the most gentle diet for the body is chosen.
When asked if ice cream can be used for pancreatitis - the answer can be given - they limit the use of fatty and very sweet ice cream. You can include only ice cream in your diet, no more than ½ packaging and without any additives (chocolate, nuts, condensed milk).
Every patient should know the rules of diet and what not to eat with pancreatitis.
In addition, timely treatment of any diseases of the gastrointestinal tract is needed to prevent complications and reduce the number of exacerbations of the disease.