Diet for gastritis

Foods allowed for gastritis

Gastritis is a disease of the century that can be diagnosed in 2/3 of the world's population. The disease is often asymptomatic but prone to progression. Chronic gastritis can eventually develop into a peptic ulcer or even stomach cancer. Clinical nutrition is not the only, but an important part of the prevention and treatment of gastrointestinal diseases. Which diet is recommended for gastritis: what can and what should gastroenterologists not use?

Nutritional principles

The organization of a proper diet for gastritis implies a complete revision of the diet, the exclusion of foods that irritate the gastric mucosa. Steamed and cooked dishes are preferred. With any type of gastritis, it is forbidden to eat fried and fatty foods.

Food for gastritis is organized taking into account the rules:

  • optimal temperature for food is 20-50 °;
  • meals are taken at the same time, 5-6 times a day;
  • avoid overeating;
  • consider comorbidities when choosing a diet for gastritis;
  • exclude alcohol, smoking;
  • give up smoked, sour, spicy foods;
  • dine 2-3 hours before bed;
  • chew food thoroughly;
  • refrain from nibbling on the run;
  • you can drink 30 minutes after a meal;
  • boil food well.

This method has a beneficial effect on the regeneration of the mucous membrane. The menu of gastritis of the stomach should be varied, contain a sufficient amount of vitamins and minerals. The patient should not starve to death.

Food for gastritis

Therapeutic diet for patients with gastritis necessarily includes food and surrounding components that repair damaged mucous membranes. Foods should contain a lot of B vitamins. These elements are usually not enough in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Use healthy foods for all forms of chronic gastritis:

  • Oatmeal - a source of fiber, antioxidants;
  • Vegetable oils - contain fatty acids, tocopherol;
  • Milk (if well tolerated);
  • Dairy products - normalize bowel function due to the high content of bacteria responsible for strong immunity;
  • Ripe bananas - stimulate the production of protective mucus, are rich in B vitamins, magnesium;
  • Berries - better absorbed than fruit, with increased secretion acid-free varieties are released;
  • Rice - has absorbent properties;
  • Potatoes - helps improve metabolism, raw vegetable juice is used for medicinal purposes.

The right way to drink helps alleviate worsening and discomfort. The liquid improves the motility of the gastrointestinal tract, dilutes the excess stomach acid. The amount of clean water without gases in the daily diet should be at least 1, 5 liters.

What not to eat with gastritis

Prohibited Products:

  • lard;
  • dumplings;
  • liver;
  • mushrooms;
  • margarine, spreads;
  • fast food;
  • rye bread;
  • thick cream;
  • coffee;
  • chocolate;
  • spices;
  • fresh fruit (excluding bananas, sweet apples, pears);
  • radish;
  • ice cream;
  • patisserie;
  • roll;
  • canned food;
  • carbonated drinks;
  • salty cheeses;
  • lollipops;
  • marinade.

In case of worsening of the disease, it is necessary to limit the consumption of pasta, seafood, seeds, nuts. If gastritis is combined with diseases of the liver, gallbladder, eggs are used as ingredients of food. Eating them separately in the form of omelets is undesirable in the case of a combination of gastrointestinal diseases.

Allowed food for gastritis

To normalize the acidity level, the treatment is combined with a special diet, which excludes foods that increase the production of secretory fluid in the stomach.

Diet significantly accelerates the healing process of superficial focal gastritis. Small lesions of the mucosa can usually be cured with the help of a medical menu and medications after 10-14 days. In case of deep lesions, it is recommended to eat properly for the rest of your life.

List of foods you can eat for high acid gastritis:

  • Flour products.
  • Cereals.
  • Rice, buckwheat and oats are especially good for the stomach.
  • Vegetable puree. Salads are recommended from grated vegetables.
  • Eggs must be well cooked. Eat eggs no more than 3 times a week.
  • Dairy products. They neutralize excess stomach acid.
  • Hard cheese and cottage cheese.
  • Meat. The most useful varieties for gastritis are turkey, rabbit.
  • Fish. Suitable varieties are low in fat - pollock, cod, pink salmon, sole, hake, pike.
  • Sweet desserts include honey, jam, marmalade, marshmallows. You can use a curd pan for cooking.
  • Calm mineral water.

Characteristics of a diet for gastritis

In people with low acidity, digestion is difficult due to a lack of enzymes. Signs of this pathology are poor appetite, weight loss, pale skin and vitamin deficiency.

Coarse food causes deterioration. People with hypoacid gastritis should not consume:

  • skinned fruit;
  • berries with seeds - raspberries, strawberries, gooseberries;
  • pure milk.

The list of foods for gastritis with high acids is approximately the same as for the form of hyperacids. There are differences in diet. With low acidity you can use:

  • sour fruits, vegetables and berries (citrus also belong to this group);
  • pickles;
  • tomato;
  • fruit juices.

Special attention is paid to chopping food. It is recommended to eat in a relaxed atmosphere and chew thoroughly. With low acidity, intolerance to meat, milk, eggs is possible. In this case, foods that cause discomfort are excluded from the diet so as not to cause complications of gastritis.

Diet with worsening gastritis

When acute gastritis is accompanied by vomiting and diarrhea, the body needs increased fluid intake. Dissolved in water, salt rehydration powder helps restore the balance of water and salt. If the active phase of the disease is accompanied by pain and constipation, the following diet is recommended:

Product Range Resistance Method
Bread and bakery products Wheat bread As crumbs, up to 100 g per day
Soups Cereals: semolina, rice, oatmeal, pearl barley or flour (rice, buckwheat, oatmeal) Slimy broth soups or milk soups, as well as oatmeal, rice and wheat puree
Fish dishes Perch or other lean fish In the form of dumplings, souffle, puree
Meat dishes Lean meat: beef, veal, chicken Deprived tendons in the shape of dumplings, souffle, mashed potatoes (steamed, cooked meat)
Vegetables and side dishes Homogenized vegetables Raw mashed, mashed vegetables
Eggs Not more than 2-3 pcs. Soft boiled or omelet
Sweet foods, sweets, fruits and berries Sweet dishes from non-sour varieties of berries and fruits, syrups, cans, meringues, snowballs Only in the form of jelly, jelly
Milk, dairy products and meals thereof Whole milk, condensed milk, cream. Fresh non-sour cottage cheese (acidity not exceeding 180 according to Turner) Natural and whipped cream. Refined cottage cheese with sugar and milk or cream. Milk or sour cream sauce (fresh sour cream)
Drinks Sweet fruit and berry juice, rosehip decoction
Fats Unsalted butter, well-refined olives or sunflower Do not fry, but add to dishes in kind

The menu for acute gastritis includes liquid and grated foods that promote healing of the stomach walls:

  • slimy soups with rice and rolled oats;
  • steamed cutlets, souffles with minced meat;
  • viscous porridge;
  • jelly;
  • weak tea.

Recipes for gastritis

Most of the diet consists of liquid and ground foods. Recipes for these dishes are suitable not only for adults but also for children.

Soup recipes for gastritis

Oatmeal for gastritis

The first meals for the gastritis diet include vegetarian soups. Fatty soups increase the production of secretory fluid, so they should not be eaten by people with high stomach acidity and ulcerative gastritis. The best options for the first dish are slimy rice soups and vegetable soups.

To prepare oatmeal soup you need 0, 5 rolled oats, 600 ml of water and salt. Oatmeal is cooked for 10-15 minutes. Such a soup can be prepared with the addition of lezon - a mixture of milk and eggs. It is added at the end of cooking. Whisk the egg and 200 ml of milk in a separate bowl. The finished broth is filtered through a sieve. Then whisk it with a whisk and let it boil again. Lezon is poured in a thin stream 5 minutes after turning off the oven. In this case, the contents are constantly stirred until a homogeneous mass is obtained.

Slimy rice soup can be made from milk. Ingredients:

  • 55 g cereals;
  • 400 ml milk;
  • 150 ml of water;
  • vegetable oil;
  • sol;
  • 2 teaspoons sugar.

Rice is washed, boiled in water until half cooked. Then add milk, sugar, salt. Season with vegetable oil and crackers before serving.

Gastritis in food includes herbal soups. For example, cauliflower soup. To prepare the dish, take a little onion, carrot, 200 g of cabbage. Cook the vegetables for 15 to 20 minutes and grind it in a blender. Bring the soup to a boil, add 10% cream and turn off the stove. The finished dish is served with herbs.

Herbal goulash for gastritis

Ingredients:

Vegetable stew for gastritis
  • cauliflower;
  • potatoes;
  • bow;
  • zucchini;
  • carrots;
  • sol;
  • olive oil.

Steamed onions and carrots in a little water. After 10 minutes, cut the remaining vegetables into cubes. Cook the stew until soft. Cooking time 20-30 minutes. Olive oil is added to the vegetable stew before serving.

19.09.2020